The right work skills are critical when logging. This not only creates a safe operating environment, but also makes the job more efficient.
1. Planning ahead
When using a chain saw to remove trees, preparation is essential. If you plan your logging operations and the forestry equipment you are carrying, you will not only improve your work safety, but also work much more easily after logging. First, check for any large obstacles in the area, such as overhead lines, roads or buildings. If you know that there is a road through the forest or that many people pass by every day, a warning sign should be deployed.
2. Check the direction of the fall
Look carefully at the trees and determine the direction of the fall. How do the branches look like, how do they grow? Also consider the wind direction. If you are unsure of the natural direction of the tree, leave the tree and check with a plumb line (see the green box at the bottom of this article for details). Clean up the surrounding area of the tree in the direction of the expected fall. It can also be cleaned in both directions at approximately 45 degrees behind the trees to form a retreat route.
3. Trim the trunk
When you have cleared the site, set a warning sign and determine the direction of the tree's fall and your evacuation route. Check if there is enough fuel in the tank for subsequent tasks. The trunk should then be trimmed and all branches that may interfere with the sawing of the kerf are cut. *Safe trimming is done using a saw chain (located on the underside of the guide) from top to bottom.
4. Determine the sawing method
Once the trunk has no branches at the height below the shoulder, the sawing can be sawed out. There are two things to keep in mind when doing this: the hinges should be of uniform thickness and of the correct size, and the cutting wedges or masts should be inserted before the trees may pinch the guides. Which sawing technique to use depends on the size and slope of the tree and the size of the chainsaw. We bring together information on different sawing techniques so that you can find the * sawing method that suits your situation.
5. Check for disease
Care should be taken if you notice that the wood is discolored and soft, or that the lower half of the trunk looks puffy or diseased. This is a sign that the trees are rotting, meaning that the wood fibers are damaged. When this happens, the sawing is carried out in the direction of the natural fall of the trees and the winch is used in an uncertain situation. Rotting infestation usually weakens at high points in the trees, so one option is to leave extra tall stumps when cutting trees.
6. Choose your tool
There are a variety of logging tools to choose from when logging. The size of the trees determines the type of forestry equipment you need. For very small trees, it is usually not necessary to use logging tools. With enough force, you can also use a long rod. Log wedges provide greater logging power than different types of masts. In extreme cases, you can use ropes and winches, which are *safe and *powerful logging methods. Check out the facts box for more information on the different tools.